The Facts about Smoking
This page gives some smoking facts: facts about cigarettes, what they contain, and what they do…
Facts: The Cigarette
The cigarette is often seen as just simply shredded tobacco leaves, all wrapped-up in a piece of paper.
Fact: The cigarette is actually a carefully-designed product, and designed in such a way, so as to make the smoking process as palatable as possible.
Fact: The tobacco leaf part of the cigarette, is actually composed of two main leaf types, one which has a higher nicotine content than the other.
Fact: These two leaf types are combined in varying ratios in order to give each brand its distinctive properties and varying nicotine strength.
Fact: As well as the two types of leaves, the cigarette manufacturers have a large amount of waste-products, such as stalks and stems. Because it would be financially wasteful to simply dispose of these waste products, they add them to the blend of leaves.
Fact: The fillers give an unpleasant taste and smell when they are burned, so they are mixed with a wide range of chemicals and flavourings, to make them more palatable. These include products as diverse as chocolate, fig juice and liquorice. Sugars are then added, to make the smoke more tolerable to the palette, and moisturisers and preservatives are also added, to increase the finished product’s shelf-life.
Passive Smoking Facts
Fact: When someone smokes a cigarette, the smoke comes from two main places. Firstly the burning leaves and filler at the tip of the cigarette, and secondly, from the rest of the cigarette, as the hot gasses pass through the rest of the cigarette and the filter.
Fact: When smoke is present in a room, something like 70% – 80% of that smoke comes directly from the burning tip of the cigarette. It is this smoke which contains the highest concentration of nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and many of the carcinogenic (cancer-causing) agents.
Fact: The smoke has many dozens of chemicals that directly cause cancer, and it does this by attacking the DNA of the person breathing it in. Of course, the breathing of this smoke is not limited to the person smoking the cigarette, but will include everyone in the room.
More information about the dangers of passive smoking can be found here.
Facts about Low Tar Cigarettes
Fact: Tar has been associated with the increase in smoker’s lung cancer, since the 1950’s. With increasing awareness of this fact permeating the population, the cigarette companies saw a possible loss in revenue associated with more people wanting to quit smoking.
They addressed this ‘problem’ by introducing ‘low tar’ cigarettes. Indeed, on a cigarette-to-cigarette basis, they do offer a slightly reduced amount of tar, and therefore, a slightly reduced risk of lung cancer.
Fact: This perceived reduction in risk often causes an individual to smoke more. So in other words, increased consumption of the low-tar products, more than counteracts any possible ‘benefit’ of the lower tar brands. Indeed, there is evidence that some kinds of lung cancer are only associated with low-tar cigarettes.
Facts about Nicotine
Fact: Nicotine is present as a liquid in tobacco leaves. When the leaves are burned, the nicotine evaporates, and is inhaled with the cigarette smoke, it then passes into the bloodstream, and is in the brain within 20 seconds.
Fact: As soon as the smoker finishes the cigarette, the levels of nicotine in the bloodstream immediately start to drop. It continues to drop over time, until the smoker has to feed the craving once again. It is this property that has caused nicotine to be grouped with heroin and cocaine, in the way it creates addiction.
Fact: If you put just 1/60th of a gramme of nicotine on your tongue, you would be dead within ten minutes.
From : http://www.pauldouglass.co.uk/stop_smoking_hypnotherapy/thefactsaboutsmoking.htm